Want to know how to tack or jibe? Do you like to determine the wind direction on your own? Is upwind sailing a complicated task for you? Read our Sailing How-to Directions in this article and find the right way of doing all that right away…
Essential Sailing How-to Directions
- Tacking via a Watercraft
- Jibing How-to
- Determining the Airstream Path
- Upwind Sailing How-to
- How to Get Out of Irons?
Many sailing how-to directions would only leave you with more questions. However, Sailingyes is here to provide you with easy-to-apply methods that would not only make you an improved sailor but also increase your marine knowledge.
Tacking via a Watercraft
When frontend of the vessel is turned crosswise the airstream from 2 o’clock to 10 o’clock or vice versa you’re coming about. During this operation, your mainsail will come from corner to corner of the watercraft slowly and shift to the contrary flank. Now, here’s how to tack:
- Let the staff know you’re going to tack. Say something like “prepare for coming about” or anything that suits your situation. But bear in mind that you must use fixed commands. So, don’t change them without informing others.
- Pull in the mainsail.
- Put the tiller hard just before the sail.
- This will let the airstream hit the sail in an altered angle and help you tack.
Do not forget that “coming about” is not the same as “beating.” A watercraft is beating when it uses sequences of tacking operations to move in the bearing of the airstream. This is the best approach to move forward while the destination is matched to the airflow.
Opposed to “tacking” is a move called jibe. This operation allows the captain to sail downward. In fact, during this move, the backend of the ship/boat is aimed at the airstream and the movement is against it. However, there are some experts who recommend beginners to steer clear of this maneuverer until they are completely ready.
But if you want to know the theory before starting the hands-on procedures, here’s the jibing how-to:
- Let the staff know that you prefer to jibe by using the phrase “prepare to jibe” – or any other phrase that seems okay. Bear in mind that not alerting the sailors may cause major injuries. That’s because the mainsail will precipitously swap its location and it may hit one’s head hard.
- Now, the staff must let the boom to get a point headed for the midpoint line.
- If the winch has a tiller or any locking mechanism, be sure to prepare the mainsheet for a rapid freed. Once you come across the current of air (astern), you want to be prepared to ease the main all the way out.
- At this stage, the staff needs to say “ready.”
- Helm issues the order “jibing” and turns to bring the air across the watercraft backend.
- Again, if you don’t ease the main immediately after the airflow goes up touching the backend, the watercraft will face keel over danger.
Expert Advice: neglecting the boom centering will lead to failure and cause a conk out. So, whatever you do, avoid gybing if you don’t know how to center the boom.
Determining the Airstream Path
Recognizing the airflow is a piece of imperative marine information. It can show you what tack you must be on, how to get off the dock, etc. So, it’s vital to know where the airstream is coming from.
Use the Clues
If you want to track the airstream, one approach is to find the clues. There are lots of objects that are showing you the winding path. So, keep your eyes open all the time.
A piece of yarn hanging somewhere in the vessel, for instance, can display the airflow. Similarly, a sail tile, flags, waves, and any other object that flow in line with the airflow are indicating the path of air. So, keep an eye on them to find the right path.
Use Your Body as a Tool
Your face is probably the best tool you have onboard for determining the airstream flow. However, many beginners think that the air is all over their faces while going fast. So, here’s a technique that would help you find out the source of the airflow without feeling like it’s all over your face.
“turn your head around until it sounds the same in both ears. When this happens, you’re already looking into the airstream.”
Upwind Sailing How-to
Technically, you can’t move anywhere between 2 and 10 o’clock. That’s because the unswerving airflow wouldn’t allow the sails and keel to generate a progressing influence. But there are moments where you have no chance except moving in the same path as the air flows. So, how do you do that? here’s the upwind sailing how-to.
- Put the watercraft on a close-hauled course just before 2 or 10 o’clock.
- Stay on this course for a while and then come about.
- Keep repeating the “coming about” task to on the way of the airstream.
How to Get Out of Irons?
When the sail is flapping over your head and you’re moving backward, you’re stuck in irons. So, first, use your boom to push the mainsail—all the way to one side. This will make your watercraft go backward. Now, point the tiller away from the sail and turn backward. Finally, when you’re not in irons anymore, ease the sail across to the other side so it fills with winds and put the tiller straight.